The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) Melon fly is the most destructive pest of melons and squashes in the Indo-Malayan region where it originated. 㛫��`����#��"��F/��k����:sC�Na���"���ܸ��f���������rx�n�UT�{:p�J�O���W��9�Ҙ"�^hGڠ|O����)6T�,FEq$d��jGP@��ڍt�����-�"����lI�E�,J��P�j?�"�����jZ#>�L۱/"5����D��lU�CF�w��(���s�A� that melon fly had a defined behavior – Males & females “roost” on certain species of plants nearby or far away from crop hosts – We can take advantage of this by creating a system of trap plantings nearby crops • McQuate showed that Sudex and Castor oil plant were good “roosting” hosts The , medflv is now thriving in the upper elevations and in lower elevation coffee fields . Many California crops would be threatened by the introduction of this pest including peaches, oranges, beans, tomatoes, and most plants in the cucumber family. Grant T. Mcquate , … Young attacked fruits become distorted and eventually fall off while the mature fruits develop a water soaked appearance. h�bbd``b`�$k@D�`��@D(�k"�A�{!"��ĭUL�L�@#E���?? The cycle is continuous. Melon fly is also able to infest flowers, fleshy leaves and stems of some cucurbits, so for the following genera and species, those plant parts are also regulated: Benincasa hispida, A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. Abstract. doi: 10.1093/jee/61.1.339 NAPPO, 2010. Bactrocera cucurbitae, Melon Fly Host List, 2016 The berries, fruits, nuts or vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for melon fly. 7.3.11 Melon fly: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) The melon fly is found in many parts of the Old World and has become established in Hawaii. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. Hosts (Back to Top) More than 125 species of plants, including cucurbits, tomatoes, and many other vegetables, have been recorded as hosts of the melon fly. MELON FLY Identifiable Traits: Black spot at wing tips Black streak on wings Common at sea level to 1500-foot elevations Hosts Cucumber Gourds Guava Eggplant Melon Papaya Pepper Pumpkin Squash Tomato Melon Fly Behavior Melon fly adults spend considerable time on favored wild hosts and certain crop plants in and outside of crop fields. Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. ... (melon fly hosts). 740 0 obj <> endobj These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or other plant part. 752 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<34B7D0533C7A204685FE8711643D0796>]/Index[740 28]/Info 739 0 R/Length 69/Prev 192713/Root 741 0 R/Size 768/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream ޖ�� Oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel, and melon fly, Dacus cucurbiatae Coquillett, population dynamics from 1987 to 1989 were determined from fruit collections and male trap captures in an agricultural area. The following insecticides are effective in eradicating melon flies; Always mix the insecticide with INTEGRA 3ml/20l. #�9q�1���'��O,���4�2�+�. Infested flowers, stems or roots also become distorted and wilt in severe cases. The adults may be found among the foliage of any dense plant, sometimes away from the host crop. Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), 339-340 pp. Its abundance increases when the temperature fall below 32 degrees centigrade and the relative humidity ranges between 60-70%. Damage to so many of our important crops would raise our produce prices. 1. The melon fly, by contrast, has a narrower host range that may lead to periods that hosts may be unavailable. WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin. %%EOF This pest can be controlled using a number of methods. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Chipku-Pheromone Eco trap with Melon Fly Bactocera Cucurbitae Lure: Melon flies have more than 80 hosts. ����A4���ң��3oAlW�`�w�p����A��ðu�@O����ĽXU����{0� 0e �? hosts representing 63 plant families), and melon fly (136 hosts representing 30 plant families). As they become mature, they drop off the plant and burrow into the soil in order to pupate. Eggs can also be laid into flowers, stems as well as exposed roots. Therefore, the extended lifespan and reproductive period of the melon fly along with its ability to avoid the cost of egg production when hosts are unavailable suggests it is better adapted to periods of host deprivation than the medfly. Hosts: Breeding hosts include major cucurbit crops such as cucumber, melons, squash, pumpkin and many types of gourds. Let us know if you liked the post. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Q��s�c�ܮK�x_�=;;sJi�ݘ1����1v�D7kƏ�?��1��;�B��4a�1���'��0�p�zǹBF�3�l�X�g�o��T�䏨��L���О��$�Y>�ˬ�>��eu����(6X�r@�\$ޅ��8]L�y�U!ʷ��1݀M��+#6�}�2ޖ���R��*�2Lj�R��PS��wհ�����&P�'_E����FD�t�bL{�� ���Hq�Q�d��BjL���$~H��nqo���Z(ȾP7( lX��[:��ë W���Dk���]6!f�s`Ѫ��a�)��g�hf��njv*W,z1�nj�K�=���Zbx�2;��� [�g�\.�[7 endstream endobj 744 0 obj <>stream The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long.Worldwide, over 80 different kinds of fruits and vegetables are recorded as hosts. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. endstream endobj startxref Hosts Melon fly is mainly a pest of cucurbits such … The use of toxic protein bait sprays to suppress melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations typically involves application to vegetation bordering agricultural host areas where the adults seek shelter ("roost"). Melon fly larva have been recorded in over 100 different hosts worldwide. %PDF-1.5 %���� After sometimes, adults emerge from the pupae and find their way out of the soil. A leading agrochemicals, seeds and farm equipment’s company in Africa. Mango Fruit-Piercing Moth (Eudocima phalonia), WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin, Use of a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. 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