Sa mère, Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862, est une mulâtresse descendant d’Espagnols et de Noirs du Congo déportés. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (Chinese: 林飛龍; Jyutping: lam4 fei1lung4; December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), better known as Wifredo Lam, was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Figures, 1938. Wifredo Lam "Untitled (No. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Lam initially studied painting in Havana, but soon radically developed his artistic practice in Europe through study of the work of Old Masters such as Diego Velázquez and Francisco de Goya, as well as exposure to modern artists such as Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró. During the 1930s Lam was exposed to a variety of influences. Jeunesse et formation du peintre cubain. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist who attained fame for his work as a painter. Proche de Picasso, des surréalistes qui le reconnaissent comme l’un des leurs, il côtoiera également les Imaginistes, Phases, CoBrA. Drafted to defend Madrid, Lam was incapacitated during the fighting in late 1937 and was sent to Barcelona. Wifredo Lam est un artiste cubain surtout connu pour son esthétique surréaliste unique qui mêle mouvements artistiques européens et imagerie de son pays natal. 44 - Quetzal) 1975" Follow Artist Add to Watchlist Limited Edition Print: Lithograph on Paper Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. Il est l’élève des peintres Leopoldo Romañach et Armando Menocal. Cuban, 1902–1982. Mère et enfant, II, 1939 [Visage cubiste], 1939. close. He left for Madrid in the autumn of 1923 to further his art studies. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. C'est à l'âge de 21 ans qu'il prend la nationalité cubaine, étant jusqu'alors chinois par sa filiation, expliquant peu après qu'il s'est toujours senti avant tout cubain plutôt que chinois. close. Ce dernier meurt en 1926, âgé de 108 ans. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Wifredo Lam (1902-82), whose work is the focus of a handsome and long overdue survey at the Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach, is typically acknowledged for his painterly fusion of … Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. The retrospective on Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande, 1902 – Paris, 1982), organised by the Centre Pompidou, Museo Reina Sofía and Tate Modern, acknowledges the common desire to consider modernity in all its complexity and endeavours to redefine Lam’s work inside a history of international art in which he stands as a key figure. Expert Cuban school painting authentification services At the Prado, Lam discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. En 1916, Wifredo et une partie de la famille s'installent à La Havane tandis que son père, déjà très âgé, reste à la campagne. La guerra civil, 1937. In Sagua La Grande, Lam was surrounded by many people of African descent; his family, like many others, practiced Catholicism alongside their African traditions. Wifredo Lam est né le 8 décembre 1902 à Sagua La Grande dans une région sucrière de Cuba. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Je suis huile sur toile 124.2 x 109.5 cm. In 1923 Lam began studying in Madrid under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, the curator of the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. is. Peint en 1949. oil on canvas 48 7/8 x 43 1/8 in. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. In this monumental painting, Wifredo Lam (1902–1982) leaves no corner unfilled. We are presented with three imposing anthropomorphic figures that stand and confront the viewer curiously. Le « l » de son prénom ayant disparu quelques années plus tard à la suite d’une erreur administrative, il adopte complètement ce nouveau prénom de Wifredo. From 1918 to 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Lam fréquente une école publique dans un quartier populaire de sa ville natale et c'est dès l’âge de sept ans que naît sa vocation d’artiste et qu’il se passionne pour le dessin. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Autoportrait circa 1923 Huile sur toile 24 x 21,3 cm (9 1/2 x 8 3/8 in.) “I responded always to the presence of factors that emanated from our history and our geography, tropical flowers, and … At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he sided with the Republicans and used his talent to fashion Republican posters and propaganda. » Wifredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla naquit l'année de la proclamation de la république, après plus de trois siècles de domination espagnole. Composición, I, 1930. Nature morte, 1938. Nu, 1926. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. La Vieja del rosario, 1927. While his early paintings were in the modernist Spanish tradition, his work soon became more simplified and decorative. Elle lui ouvre un monde peuplé d’esprits et d’invisibles. Madame Lumumba, 1938 . Son épouse lui survit jusqu'en 1944. « With regard to life, modern painting is a revolutionary activity… » Wifredo Lam Executed on 20 August 1942 In 1916 Lam moved to Havana to study law, a path that his family had thrust upon him. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. … This painting is in the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York City. Wifredo Lam was born and raised in Sagua La Grande, a village in the sugar farming province of Villa Clara, Cuba. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. ‘My Painting is an Act of Decolonization’ an Interview with Wifredo Lam by Gerardo Mosquera (1980), p.3. De mère métisse, aux origines hispano-congolaises, et de père chinois immigré à Cuba, Wifredo Lam grandit dans une famille modeste et ouverte d’esprit : son père qui tient un petit commerce, est un homme lettré qui maîtrise la calligraphie. There he met Helena Holzer, a German researcher, and the Catalan artist known as Manolo Hugué. Wifredo Lam savait qu'il n'y a pas de jungle à Cuba, mais la manigua (maquis dense et épineux). Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Wifredo Lam - 28 artworks - painting. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. The full text of the article is here →. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Wifredo s'exerce au dessin et à la peinture dans les jardins botaniques de la ville. In Light of the Forest (1942), a naked, masked … Image: Wifredo Lam, "La Jungla / The Jungle" (1943, oil on canvas). In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. Il apprend auprès d’elle les rudiments du culte et de ses mystères, sans jamais être initié. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Overlapping bodies and limbs make it difficult to distinguish the figures and their attributes. However, Lam disliked both academic teaching and painting. 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