Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The island of Borneo is on the equator in the South China Sea. In Indonesien wird die ganze Insel Kalimantan genannt. Major cities include Samarinda, Banjarmasin, Kuching, and Balikpapan. Borneo (malayisk: Borneo, bahasa Indonesia: Kalimantan, kinesisk: 婆罗洲) er en øy i Sørøst-Asia. To start with, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, a tropical jungle-clad island set in the South China Sea in SE Asia. Rubber is grown on small native plantations. Agriculture, mining, logging, oil, natural gas extraction, and ecotourism are the main drivers of Borneo’s economy, in fact, Borneo is among the largest oil producers in the Southeast of Asia. The island is sparsely inhabited by Asian standards. The island is The island is It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Borneo (malaijiksi Pulau Borneo, indonesiaksi Kalimantan) on maailman kolmanneksi suurin saari. Long rivers include Kapuas, Mahakam, Barito, Rajang, and Kinabatangan. Borneo delas politiskt av Indonesien, Malaysia och Brunei. The Borneo peat swamp forests are home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the Arowana (Scleropages formosus). It is the third largest island in the world, surpassed in size by only Greenland and New Guinea. Our Top Tours for wildlife include Sukau Rainforest Lodge, Malaysia’s only National Geographic Unique Lodge of the World, the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge in misty Danum Valley, Selingan Island, and Tabin Wildlife Sanctuary. Se sijaitsee Kaakkois-Aasiassa, Malaijien saaristossa Tyynenmeren äärimmäisessä lounaisosassa. Map of Borneo and travel information about Borneo brought to you by Lonely Planet. Borneo has an extensive cave system that hosts millions of bats and cockroaches as well as guano of up to 330 feet thick. Pop. The Makassar Strait separates Borneo from the island of Celebes (Sulawesi) to the east and southeast, and a series of shallow seas and straits lie between Borneo and the island of Sumatra to the west. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the Mahakam River (570 miles), the Rajang (565 miles), the Barito (560 miles), and the Kinabatangan (350 miles) as well as one of the longest underground rivers inside the Clearwater Cave. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Mount Kinabalu is the tallest point at an elevation of 4, 095 meters. It also has coasts on the Java Sea, the Celebes Sea and Makasar Strait.Part of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) belongs to … On the ground most of the sultanate's eastern sliver is off-limits except to researchers, but you can get a taste of the primeval jungle at Ulu Temburong National Park . The main agricultural products include vegetables, cacao, and rubber. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 10 inches. Floating market in Kalimantan, Indonesia, southern Borneo. Borneo is poor in commercial mineral resources. Borneo, island in the extreme southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. Borneo covers a total 287,000 square miles, and is largely mountainous (the highest peak on Mount Kinabalu is 13,435 feet above sea level) with some lowlands especially in Central Kalimantan and Sarawak. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Størstedelen, rundt 73 %, høyrer til Indonesia og heiter Kalimantan. Tobacco is grown in the uplands and traded to the lowlands. (2015) five provinces of Kalimantan (including adjacent islands), 15,320,017; (2010) Sabah and Sarawak, 5,677,882; (2014 est.) Borneo Podatci Smještaj Jugoistočna Azija Otočna skupina Veliki sundski otoci Koordinate Država Brunej, Indonezija, Malezija Površina 743.330 km 2 km 2 Broj stanovnika Borneo, koji u Indoneziji nazivaju Kalimantan, ima površinu od 743.122 km² pa je treći po veličini otok na … Why Borneo You Say? By Mark Owuor Otieno on October 20 2017 in Environment. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Which Countries Share the Island of Borneo. Most of the rivers are navigable with the Kapuas River system being the longest covering 620 miles followed by the … Borneo (-slovenský normovaný názov) alebo Kalimantan je tretí najväčší ostrov na svete nachádzajúci sa v strede malajského súostrovia. The island is bounded by the South China Sea to the northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea to the east, and the Java Sea to the south—the latter separating Borneo from the island of Java. There are also a great many species of birds, insects, and fish. The extensive forest cover faces constant logging to meet local and international timber demands. Borneo island is surrounded by South China Sea, Makassar Strait, Celebes Sea, Sulu Sea, and the Java Sea. A long series of mountain ranges extend southwest across the island from Mount Kinabalu in the far northeast, which, at an elevation of 13,455 feet (4,101 metres), is the island’s greatest height and is also the tallest peak in Malaysia. Experimental plantings of coffee, cocoa, and hemp have been made. Karimata Strait is to the south while to the west is Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. For scale, Borneo is roughly the size of France or Texas. 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